In the January, 2017, issue of Menopause, the Journal of the North American Menopause Society , Dr. Saiji Karinkanta of Finland discussed exercise and its benefit on aging. She cited a study from Germany. Menopausal women were assigned to two different groups. In the study group, the women were followed for 16 years, and maintained a workout program that involved two home training sessions per week, and two supervised group sessions. The control group exercised as they had been. The exercise group was found to have 53% less fractures, and 63% less fall related fractures. It was emphasized that strength training and balance exercises were important to add to the training of older adults.
When assessing cardiac risk factors, they found that the exercise group had better numbers when they evaluated total cholesterol, HDL, systolic blood pressure, treatment for hypertensions, and smoking status. It is thought that high-intensity training is beneficial to heart health.
The variety of the exercise components was stressed, recommending strength and balance training, endurance and high-impact jumping activities. Interestingly, they also found that the exercise group had less back pain that the control group. Dr. Karinkanta concluded that regular multicomponent exercise is a helpful tool for motivated middle-aged women that clearly decreases fractures and risk factors for cardiac disease, and should be promoted as part of a healthy life style.